The Rare Book Collection of the Research Library of the Far Eastern Federal University holds interesting editions in the Russian, English and Chinese languages from R.V. Vyatkin’s library. Doctor Honoris Causa, sinologist Rudolph Vsevolodovich Vyatkin graduated from the Oriental Faculty of the State Far Eastern University in Vladivostok in 1939. The article describes the unique editions from his collection. The author depicts the books with autographs and bookplates as a reflection of relationships between.
Key words: Russian Orientalist R. V. Vyatkin,books from R. V. Vyatkin’s library, books with R. V. Vyatkin’s autographs, books with R. V. Vyatkin’s bookplates, R. V. Vyatkin’s ex libris, students’ work with sources
UDC 930.1 (510)
This article analyses several hypotheses towards development of Chinese ancient civilization made by Russian sinologist Andrei Alexandrov in his publications of the 1970–80s. Alexandrov presented best traditions of Russian oriental studies based on studying ancient written sources and epigraphies. The focus of the researcher’s works was studying the ancient city regarded as the center of the whole social, economic and political structure of early China. The findings of Alexandrov’s research include the original concept of ancient Chinese cities development periodization, the concept of two different types of City-periphery organization in ancient China and other ideas explaining the specifics of forming the ‘early China’ – the phenomenon regarded by the researcher a virtual and even senseless term due to China’s disintegration. In the author’s opinion the task of early Chinese history studies must include studying the history of separate city-states with their various characteristics.
Key words: China, ancient history, ancient economy, nouvelle history, Qin studies, Han studies, Zhou studies, historiography, urban studies, ancient Russian sinology
This work is a continuation of our article about Yilou, and is devoted to the Sushen – a south-eastern Manchurian tribe that lived in antiquity and middle-ages, and whose origins and history are not well known and remain a topic for discussion among historians and archeologists, both here and abroad. The author attempted, based on his own translation of the ancient Chinese texts from the dynastic histories such as “Book of Jin”, “Book of the Later Han”, “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, and other written relics to describe and analyze Sushen’s material culture, various aspects of their everyday life, as well as their contacts with the outside world. The author’s translation contains detailed comments based on foreign and domestic advances in historical and related disciplines, and brings to light several important factors related to the Sushen tribe’s geography, such as: weaponry, domestic culture, customs, wedding and burial practices, salt production, home construction, Sushen’ envoys to the courts of Chinese emperors.
Key words: Sushen, Yilou, «Book of Jin», Eastern Barbarians, «Book of the Later Han», «Records of the Three Kingdoms», Fuyu, Koguryo, Confucius, Changbaishan
This article examines the history of the Sungari expedition of 1896, conducted in North Manchuria under the command of Aleksey Pavlovitch Budberg. The official report of the expedition has not been found, but it was described in detail in the «Siberian memoirs» of the expedition’s commander. In his memoirs, A. Budberg had written about his service in Siberia and in the Russian Far East. In fact, this unique source was published in full only in the USA, and is still unknown to the better part of Russian historians. The Sungari expedition of 1896 was sent by the Commander of the Priamurskiy Military District troops as requested by the Chinese government, for it was interested in the possibility of disposing the Russian military troops in the North Manchuria to confront the numerous khunhus bands. The results of the expedition were not only the answer to the principal military question, providing a lot of new military, geographical and ethnographical information, but also the acquaintance of the small group of the Russian forces with another culture and civilization reality.
Key words: Priamur Military District, Aleksey P. Budberg, Manchuria, Russian Army, military oriental studies
The article deals with periodicals as information source on the history of the Russian Empire during World War I. It studies the content of the Far Eastern newspapers of the time. It analyzes the publications of the leading newspapers “Dal’niy Vostok” (“The Far East”), “Dalyokaya okraina” (“The distant outskirt”), “Tekushchiy den’” (“The present day”) (Vladivostok), “Priamurye”, “Priamurskaya zhizn’” (“Priamurskaya life”) (Khabarovsk), “Ussuriyskiy krai” (“Ussuri region”) (Nikol’sk-Ussuriysk), “Amurskoe ekho” (“Amur echo”), “Blagoveshchenskoe utro” (“Blagoveshchensk morning”) (Blagoveshchensk), “Amurskiy liman” (“Amur estuary”), and “Vostochnoe Pomorye” (“Eastern Seaboard”) (Nikolaevsk). It shows how the military censorship contributed to a deeper analysis of social-economic and political problems of the World War by the press. The author comes to the conclusion that newspapers wrote about the deficit, the price increase, the development of speculation, the expansion of the gap between the classes of the population, and about the ineffectiveness of public authorities in the fight against the crisis. In 1916 some of the journalists showed that the civilian world, “unity” government and society was just propaganda under the cover of which it was easier for the rich to rob the poor. All the newspaper, regardless of their type and political orientation, both right and left, agreed on the need for change and pinned their hopes on the Imperial Duma.
Key words: World War I, Russian Empire, February Revolution of 1917, Far East, Society, Periodicals, Newspapers
Agreement between the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the United States of America (U.S.) on deployment of the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system on the Korean Peninsula endangered the balance of power maintained in Northeast Asia for a long time. Russia is traditionally interested in preventing arms race in the region and maintaining friendly ties and cooperation with both DPRK and ROK. Nevertheless, such external factors as strategic partnership with China and emerging challenges to regional security can affect its position on THAAD issue and Russo-Korean relations and gradually force Russia to revise the part of its «turn to the East» strategy concerning the Korean Peninsula. Moreover, new security challenges can force Russia to undertake more active measures (jointly with China and independently) to counter expanding ballistic missile defense and military presence of USA in the region, including military and technical steps. The present paper studies potential consequences of THAAD deployment for regional security and Russia’s relations with Korean states – DPRK and ROK.
Key words: THAAD, Northeast Asia, regional security, strategic balance, Korean Peninsula, Russia, China, DPRK, ROK, Russo-Korean relations
The article is devoted to the life and professional activity of Yu. D. Dyukov, the graduate of Men’s Gymnasium at Oriental Institute in Vladivostok. At a critical moment in the history of his homeland, like his father D.I. Dyukov, Yuriy Dmitrievich remained loyal to his dream, and to the best traditions of the Gymnasium – to serve, with honor and up to the end, to the professional duty keeping the once chosen course. Yuri Dyukov chose the profession of a teacher and dedicated most of his life to it, living among the peoples of the Far North. As the main documentary sources, the article uses the archival documents, Yu. D. Dyukov’s letters, face to face interaction between him and the author of the article, and her North Kuril trips to places where he met with natural disasters.
Key words: Yu. D. Dyukov, Vladivostok gymnasium, Oriental Institute, education, Russian language and literature, biography, Far North, tsunami, Kuril Islands
Yaroslav A. BARBENKO Publication was prepared by Vadim Karaman, YAroslav Barbenko Exploration in the south of the Russian Far East in the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries as a precondition for agricultural colonization management: 1850–1860 practice
The article reviews the book «The Trans-Pacific security – hierarchy of power and responsibility», published by a group of scholars of the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations and dedicated to the analysis of international issues and challenges for the Asia-Pacific security through the lens of comparison between the leading regional States’ and organizations’ powers and capabilities and the responsibility for their actions. Thus the vision of the international situation in the Asia-Pacific is defined in the context of dependence of the hierarchy of responsibility on the hierarchy of power, and the responsibility is understood as obligations of the parties, rather than their dominance. The review reflects the foreign policy interests and the international position of the actors, who are the regional leaders or aspiring to this status, as well as provides an assessment of their behavior, impacting the state of affairs in the Pacific Rim area