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UDC 94(519) doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/6-14
The article is devoted to the problem of falsification of history in the Republic of Korea using fabricated sources, a vivid example of which is Hwandan Kogi". The research is based on various published versions of "Hwandan Kogi", as well as materials from the websites of the World Society of Hwandan History and Culture and the new Korean religion of Jeung San Do. In addition, the author analyzes several research articles in Russian, English and Korean
Key words: Hwandan kogi, Korean history, pseudo-history, unofficial history, falsification of history, Ancient Korea, Gojoseon
UDC 930:355/359.07 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/15-30
Based on the documents from the State Archive of Khabarovsk Krai, this article is devoted to the history of the Courses of Oriental languages at the Headquarters of the Priamour Military District. The author analyzes the history of creating these courses after the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, as a result of the war, and of the Russian military expedition in China in 1900–1901. During both campaigns the shortage not only of the translators and dragomans but also of the oriental language-speaking officers was a great problem for the Russian Army in the Far East. The article investigates the reasons, the aim, the schedule and the character of the lessons conducted for officers and soldiers, who studied the Chinese, Japanese, and, at the very beginning, Korean languages. In this report, for the first time, we publish the list of officers and soldiers who received awards on successful completion of the courses of Chinese and Japanese languages in 1912–1913. The Courses faculty members, who taught in 1911–1913, are also identified. As a result, it is concluded that the courses probably had a certain impact on the combat readiness of the troops of the Priamour Military District.
Key words: Priamour Military District, military oriental studies, military intelligence, Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, Japanese language, Khabarovsk
UDC 82.02/09 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/31-40
The subject of the research is reminiscences of I. Bunin's short story “Dark Alleys” with N. Ogarev's poem “Аn Ordinary story”. Having considered the plot of the story, we identified a way of binary / gender opposition of the system of characters, a leitmotif and a system of accompanying motives that are implemented in other works and expand its problems. The story is analyzed in the context of a precedent text – N. Ogarev's poem “An Ordinary Story”. Reminiscences at the level of the title, events of the meeting – parting – memories, and the characters' relationship to the dual nature of the image of "dark alleys" are noted. The development of the dialectical combination of love and misery, life and being is analyzed. The author reveals the motivic structure of the plot, the binary opposition of the character system, and the chronotope. It is proved that the intertextual dialogue of
works of different literary types makes it possible to discover new philosophical meanings. The methodological basis is the concept of "dialogue of cultures" developed by M. M. Bakhtin and the teaching of Y. M. Lotman about the integrity of the prose structure. It is proved that the analyzed story is characterized by a combination of epic and lyrical techniques of composition about a certain meta-genre of “Dark Alleys”.
Key words: Bunin “Dark Alleys”, N. Ogarev “An Ordinary Story”, intertext, dialogue, reminiscence,
plot/ plot, motive
UDC 81-139 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/41-47
The challenges which forensic linguistics is currently facing on the global arena are predicated by the massive flow of online communications, on the one hand, and raging information controversy of rival powers, on the other. The information confrontation being harsh and unyielding, the most sophisticated instruments are in demand. Verbal manipulation – one of the most practical of all the instruments – is a very subtle and dangerous mental programming tool. The overwhelming majority of citizens find themselves helpless in a situation of latent speech aggression, which aims at destroying a person’s identity, developing a complex of inferiority and shame for their nationality, language, history of their country, and culture. It poses a serious linguo-cognitive threat and undermines national security. A qualified linguist can evaluate the amount of danger inherent in information-charged texts as well as suggest a way to counteract hidden information attacks.
Key words: linguo-cognitive security, national identity, characteristics of expert’s practice, information attack, forensic linguistics, latent methods of verbal impact, verbal manipulation in mass media
UDC 327 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/48-58
The article analyzes the progress in implementing the agreements reached between Russia and the Republic of Korea in the field of high-tech cooperation. Four areas of partnership are considered, particularly: the development of the South Korean space program, the deployment of fifth-generation (5G) mobile networks, shipbuilding, and the creation of a system to support technological entrepreneurship. The authors conclude that despite a number of objective circumstances that negatively affect the dynamics of cooperation, it remains positive.
Key words: Republic of Korea, Russia, high-tech cooperation, Eastern Economic Forum, shipbuilding, space program of the Republic of Korea, 5G
UDC 377.8 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/59-69
The article touches upon the issue of management of teacher professional development in Russia and Singapore. The author refers to the experience of organization of teacher continual professional development through professional learning communities in Singaporean schools as one of the most effective in the world. The paper provides insight into their work organization and principles of operation, as well as describes the history of their development. The phases of teachers’ participation in professional learning communities in Singaporean schools are viewed within the present studies. Concurrently, the issues of teacher professional development in Russia, the emerging experience of teacher qualifications upgrading in regional practices and informal teacher communities, innovative practices of teacher complementary professional education are updated in a comparative manner. The author reveals some difficulties and achievements in this area. In the end of the comparative analysis it is stated that the experience achieved by Singapore in creating a highly effective system of teacher professional learning communities needs a more focused attention from academics, as well as from practicing teachers and school managers.
Key words: Russia, Singapore, teacher qualifications upgrading, teacher professional development,
professional learning communities, work organization, principles of operation, history of development
UDC 327.8 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/70-78
The present article is devoted to the state of Russian soft power in countries of North-East Asia. The author analyzes the perception of Russia by Japanese, Chinese, and South Korean students
studying at the Far Eastern Federal University, as well as by their environment. The main research method is conducting in-depth interviews with the students themselves. Based on the results of the interview, several conclusions were formed regarding the state of soft power of the Russian Federation in this country. Also, the author puts an emphasis on several general conclusions, namely: studying in Russia has a positive impact on the opinion about the country, but at the same time there is a rather vague idea of Russia in Japan and South Korea, and thus active work needs to be deployed in this direction.
Key words: international relations, soft power, Northeast Asia, higher education, Russia's image in Northeast Asia, in-depth interviews with foreigners
The era of mobility erases territorial identity, but this does not diminish the relevance of its study, even if only as a historical phenomenon. For “regions of late development”, such as the Far East, identity is associated with the concepts of colonization / development, and, moreover, inherent in the name of the region. Our team has already addressed the problem of correlating the concepts of “colonization” and “development”; this time we decided to focus on the approach of Alexander Etkind, who published another book in the outgoing year. The purpose of our meeting was to discuss the system of Alexander Etkind’s views on the essence of coloniality, to analyze one of the central concepts used by Etkind in many studies, “internal colonization”, and to assess the limits of this concept’s applicability. Main issues for discussion: 1) in “The Nature of Evil: Raw Materials and the State” Etkind writes about natural resources as raw materials for production; are the author's categories suitable for analyzing space as a resource for development, space as such, without taking into account the raw materials available there? Can the Far East, for example, be interpreted as a “presence colony”? 2) the logic of the concept of internal colonization is based on the idea of exoticization of the outskirts by the center, commoners by the ruling class, society by the state; in this case, is it possible to interpret the toponyms “Russian Far East” and “Pacific Russia” used today as two images of the territory – traditional colonial (exoticizing and dividing) and modern non-colonial (normalizing and integrating)?
We are currently witnessing a transformation of the world order. The United States and China are unleashing a new Cold War, the European Union is in search of its own independent role in the world, and Russia continues to be under pressure from the West. This interview discusses the events that took place in Central Asia in 2020. S. Masaulov expresses the opinion that the coronavirus pandemic did not cause the coup in Kyrgyzstan, but there were internal prerequisites for it, which the authorities further aggravated on the eve of the elections. The interlocutor talks about the possibility of repeating these events in Kazakhstan. The article deals with the issues of China's policy in Central Asia and the possible strengthening of Turkey's influence in the light of recent events in Nagorny Karabakh. In addition, S. Masaulov gives his opinion on the development of the Eurasian Economic Union and the necessary changes in Russia's policy in the Eurasian space.
UDC 94(5):378.1(571.6)«1899» doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/99-111
For the first time, the documents revealing some issues of recruiting students and trainees to the Oriental Institute in Vladivostok back in 1899 are offered for publication. The authors cite the very first rules of admission to the higher educational institution for oriental studies. They were identified
on the pages of the “Pravitel’stvennyi Vestnik” (Government Gazette) (St. Petersburg). Two other unique historical sources are handwritten, and were retrieved from the funds of the State archive of Primorskiy Krai. They are of great value for anyone who is interested in the development of higher education in the Russian Far East and the historical roots of the Far Eastern Federal University. The materials allow readers to see, evaluate and compare how the recruitment of students took place in the past and present.
Key words: higher education in the Russian Far East, the history of the Oriental Institute, the istory of FEFU, Vladivostok, the Russian oriental studies
UDC 81 doi: dx.doi.org/10.24866/2542-1611/2020-3/122-136
This paper analyzes cultural components of two Japanese language textbooks, which were acknowledged to be the best during the student surveys carried out in Russia. The comparison of cultural components is based on the content analysis method introduced by M. Byram. The authors of the Japanese textbooks use materials, which allow them to examine Japanese culture in conjunction with other cultures. Therefore, their textbook provides an opportunity to raise students’ cultural awareness in a broader international context. The authors of the Russian textbook concentrate on Japanese culture emphasizing only its “uniqueness” and attempt to reveal layers of culture and society that gave birth to values and peculiarities of mentality. Differences in the cultural components of the textbooks correlate with the goals of language education in each country. In Russia, textbooks aim at students who are interested mainly in Japan itself. In Japan, textbooks serve the needs of those who intend to live and work in Japan, so that intercultural competence for them becomes a must. The article provides some recommendations on how to engage students better in the process of learning culture.
Key words: cultural component, textbook, Japanese language, intercultural competence