Nano-Materials and Nano-biotechnology
Nanotechnology is a rapidly developing sector of today's economy. Nano-particles and nano-structured objects have special, often unique properties, which are different from those of macro-objects. They can be used for creating fundamentally new materials and structures.
At Far Eastern Federal University, the development and application of futuristic technologies is being carried out jointly with the state corporation "Rusnano"
The FEFU laboratory of film technology is exploring the relationship between the composition, structure, and dimensions of objects with magnetic and magneto-transport properties. They have discovered and explained the transformation induced by magnetic anisotropy in polycrystalline multilayered materials.
Additionally, the technologies of managing magnetic and magnetoresistive properties of thin film materials were developed. This work has been conducted in close collaboration with the University of Bath (UK), Freie Universitat (Germany) and Samsung (Republic of Korea).
Further, as a part of the center for modeling systems, FEFU scientists are involved in a major project related to modeling of graphene-based structures and cultivation of graphene structures on silicon substrates.
In the area of regional development, one of the FEFU research projects investigates the technology to obtain nano-fibrous carbon (multi-walled nano-tubes) from the amorphous carbon of brown peat moss (sphagnum moss) and the Far Eastern variety of corn, "Katerina FE" processed in a vario-planetary mill. Multiwalled nano-tubes from 5 to 70 nm in diameter and from 0.1 to 10 microns in length were produced, with a return yield of 99.93%.
One advantage of this technology is the use of low-cost renewable resources. Technology is also being developed to create fullerenes from brown peat moss.
The nano-toxicology laboratory has patented a completely new surgical dressing material called "Litoplast." Raw minerals are the key to FEFU scientists' new approach to the wound and burn treatment. The inside part of the dressing consists of crushed zeolitic tuff with the structure that resembles clay. The outside of the bandage is covered with a semipermeable membrane with nano-pores and anti-adhesive properties.
The product is extremely beneficial not only for burns and superficial wounds, but also for complications in purulent wounds, frostbites, radiation exposures, and bedsores.
After visiting the University, Rusnano Director A. Chubais and Nobel
Laureate Zh. Alferov recognized the FEFU scientific laboratories as the
best equipped laboratories in Russia. FEFU laboratories can carry out
nano-level monocycle research and even advance to prototype production
that includes intrinsic nano-structured components.